Global economic growth has increased to 3.6% in 2017, however, global unemployment remains high, with more than 190 million unemployed.
This figure is significantly different from one region of the world to another.
Developed countries are expected to enter their sixth consecutive year of declining unemployment rates when, at the same time, emerging and developing countries have experienced a significant rise in unemployment rates, partly as a result of very sharp economic downturns, partly due to falling commodity prices in many major economies.
Forecasters report an increase in the number of unemployed people in developing countries in the range of half a million per year in 2018 and 2019 (the unemployment rate remains at around 5.3%).
For Africa, growth is estimated at 2.1. However national disparities in terms of countries' export capacity still remain.
Regarding the issue of unemployment, the rate in Sub-Saharan Africa was estimated at 7.2% in 2017, with the highest vulnerable employment rate in the world, at around 66%. This means that in 2018, nearly 9 million people are in a vulnerable situation.
The economies of Africa, and particularly of Sub-Saharan Africa, face the challenge of guaranteeing inclusive growth by resisting the high volatility of commodity prices, all this in a geopolitical climate that may not be favorable and in a context of significant climate change.
It is easy to see the need for states to move towards a sustainable economic diversification that can yield positive results in the area of decent work development and poverty reduction.
Chad is no exception to these observations and the Government has taken important decisions to foster the development of jobs in promising sectors that respond to both the major issues of sustainable development and the needs and expectations of citizens at national scale.
All global studies clearly show that the evolution towards a sustainable economy is translated into the creation of more and better jobs.
These jobs are found in many sectors of the economy from energy supply to recycling and from agriculture and construction to transportation. They help to cut the consumption of energy, raw materials and water through high-efficiency strategies, to de-carbonize the economy and reduce greenhouse gas emissions, to minimize or avoid altogether all forms of waste and pollution, and to protect and restore ecosystems and biodiversity (Source UNEP report 2008).
With these characteristics, the Chadian government wishes to focus initially on the preservation of the environment, the renovation of its agriculture and the processing of agricultural products.
Indeed, a strong desire to diversify the economy is at the heart of government concerns. More than 39 million arable hectares are available and just waiting to be exploited as well as the product of the processed crops.
This "renovated" and sustainable agriculture can create wage employment on farms of various sizes, diversify sources of income through a transition to conservation agriculture that maintains and improves the agronomic potential of the soil while maintaining regular, profitable and environmentally friendly production.
Complemented by measures to support workers, the adoption of conservation agriculture can contribute to the structural transformation of national agriculture.
At the same time, conversion to a circular economy that emphasizes reuse, recycling, refurbishment and repair of goods can also be an important source of employment, replacing the traditional model of "extraction, production, use and disposal".
Attractive and interesting development challenge for a country, you might say?
Of course, but some prerequisites do exist.
It must indeed be able to have a detailed knowledge of the territory and its potential but also people, young or old, convinced of the merits of this project and agreement to move towards these new professions.
The task is not so easy when we are aware of how much public sector jobs attract many of our African fellows convinced that their salvation lies at the heart of cities and office jobs.
Therefore it is necessary to show to them that a conversion is possible and that this will allow them to live from a qualified and rewarding job that ensures development and close to their families.
It is also necessary to build effective partnerships with local authorities and to set up ad hoc training schemes for candidates.