ANAPEC tackles the training-employment mismatch at several levels through an innovative and concerted sectoral approach with professionals
Being one of the major labour market problems in Morocco, the mismatch between training and the real needs of the labour market has a considerable impact on the integration of young people into working life, especially among people with disabilities and the long-term unemployed whose difficulties are doubled. This finding is quite alarming because there are still trades in which employers find it difficult to find candidates meeting the required qualifications.
In response to the existing situation, the ANAPEC , the Moroccan public employment service, has adopted a sectoral approach whose objectives are to consolidate the agency's positioning in several sectors, including pre-school education, the fight against illiteracy, the NICT and the offshoring sector, the steel industry, food catering, etc. The overall goal is to approach all sectors and consider all the potentialities of partnership, while maintaining real synergy with professionals in the field. This approach revolves around the skill training or retraining tools that the TAEHIL program offers for job seekers employability enhancement, at all levels and categories.
On the other hand, this approach obliges us to offer a universal, adapted and inclusive service to all job seekers, whatever their level and qualifications. Thus, the ANAPEC mobilized to provide a pragmatic and realistic response to the skills-jobs mismatch present in a large number of job seekers, and this through a series of pilot professional retraining operations concerning several trades such as programmers, human services, butchery, etc.
Becoming a programmer is possible!
The ANAPEC and the APEBI (Moroccan Federation of Information Technologies, Telecommunications and Offshoring) have jointly launched a support program for the IT sector, mainly focusing on training developers in new digital technologies. This program, which comes in response to a real shortage of IT skills in the Moroccan labour market, aims to retrain individuals with a Bachelor of Science degree, through 960 hours (9 months) of training based on a dual system (company / classroom or distance learning), leading to a Professional Qualification Certificate (CQP).
The course consists of 5 units, flexible and adaptable according to the needs of professionals: 1. Information Systems and languages, 2. Methods, techniques and standards, and 3. Specific development and projects 4. Services (assistance, IS security, application maintenance, etc.) and 5. Transversal (technology watch, cyber law, soft skills, etc.).
The training is fully funded by ANAPEC as part of the Contractualised Training for Employment (Formation Contractualisée pour l’Emploi, TAEHIL) program and is designed by professionals according to international standards. To date, 175 candidates have already started training, which is imparted by private training providers scrupulously selected by the APEBI to ensure quality training.
The modern butcher's shop: a real creator of decent jobs
Contrary to popular belief about the butchers' trade, modern butcher shops offer real opportunities for young women and men to enter the labour market, especially if their -often general- qualifications do not allow them to find a job.
This is why the ANAPEC has joined forces with the Interprofessional Federation of Red Meats (Fédération Interprofessionnelle des Viandes Rouges, FIVAR) and has launched a pilot operation to train modern butchers in the Casablanca-Settat Region, with a view to gradually expand it throughout the Moroccan territory. Other partners took part in this operation such as the National Association of Butchers (Association Nationale des Bouchers, ANB), the National Food Safety Agencies (Office National de Sécurité Sanitaire des produits Alimentaires, ONSSA) and the Vocational Training Department.
The objective is to meet a real need for skills in relation to the butcher's trade in several sectors such as the food industry or supermarkets in their modern butchery sections or even the new modern and sophisticated butcher shops, and also allow young graduates or vocational training graduates to seize the integration opportunities in this field at national or international level.
The training, which is part of the TAEHIL program, more specifically in its Skills Training or Retraining (FQR) component, aims to provide young people with the following key skills:
•Organizing the work station
•Carrying out slaughtering and meat cutting operations (sheep)
•Understanding and applying the Veterinary Services regulations and the sanitation and food safety standards
•Improving language level (English / French) in relation to the butcher's trade
•Preparation for integration into the labour market (as employees self-employed)
Of the 1,633 registered for the operation, 100 candidates have already started training. The objective is to train a total of 350 qualified butchers in the Casablanca-Settat region, before gradually expanding the experience into other regions.
Personal assistance professions: great demand for well-trained staff
Today, households in Morocco have become employers by force of law 19-12. Given this opportunity, the ANAPEC launched several initiatives which target the retraining, through training, of the unemployed towards personal assistance professions, mainly Classroom Assistants (Assistants de Vie Scolaire, AVS). The needs identified at schools refer to 100 AVS.
The demand for this type of profile is significant, given the important role that these personal assistance professionals play in supporting population groups with very specific needs, such as for example, children with disabilities.
In a pilot operation initiated by the ANAPEC in Rabat, 6 dual training initiatives were launched with an integration rate reaching up to 95%.
Other projects in the pipeline
As part of this same approach of supporting the productive sectors and ensuring the retraining of young people in the new trades, the ANAPEC has signed partnership agreements with several partners, the last being the National Association of Craftsmen Jewellers (Association Nationale des Artisans en Bijouterie-joaillerie). The objective is to support companies and professionals in the jewellery industry in meeting their human resources needs and study the possibilities of setting up training-retraining initiatives in a cluster of occupations related to this sector.
Likewise, the ANAPEC signed a partnership agreement with the Confederation of Moroccan Pharmacists' Trade Unions (Confédération des Syndicats des Pharmaciens du Maroc, CSPM). In this regard, a training initiative is being launched for the benefit of 100 pharmacy assistants (25 candidates have already been included), in addition to the preparation of two other training operations with the CSPM.
The ANAPEC also targeted the cafes and restaurants sector. As part of a partnership agreement with the National Association of Cafes and Restaurants in Morocco (Association nationale des cafés et des restaurants au Maroc, ANCRM), an initial training initiative was launched to enable 175 young people to integrate this sector as waiters.
Khalid EL MOULOUDI, ANAPEC