Today countries face many challenges including increasing unemployment rates, low labor force participation rates and bottleneck vacancies. The World Bank estimates that in the next 10 years, the world will need to create more than 600 million jobs to avoid an increase in unemployment and to absorb youth entering the labour market. Regions such as Africa and South Asia, face particular challenges to employ a growing number of youth who enter the labour market. Policymakers tackle with challenges such as low rates of participation in the labour market and high poverty rates among those who will participate in labour force and have a job.
Public Employment Instıtutions have many tasks in tackling with those challenges. Main objective: is to provide sustainable decent jobs for more people. To reach this objective, PES should approach labour demand and supply from a more holistic point of view, which takes into account the multiple transitions arising in the labour market and during individual careers. PES could adopt such a holistic perspective by building bridges and transcending institutional and geographical boundaries.
Labour market researches are carried out in order to comprehend the structure of the labour market, catch the periodic developments and forecast the upcoming period. We can basically separate these researches, which have various types, into two parts as those assessing the supply side and those assessing the demand side. While researches that assess the supply side –i.e. the work force side of the labour market- provide various data on the population structure related to “unemployment”, “participation in labour force” and “employment”; researches that assess the demand side –i.e. researches assessing from employers’ side- provide data such as “the number of employees”, “job vacancy” and “bottleneck vocations”. Comparable, scientific and easy-to-elaborate data obtained through the study converts into an important support mechanism for policy makers and decision makers.
While our event focuses on new challenges in the labour market, it aims to put labour market analyses to forefront for the purpose of estimating these challenges and finding the right solutions. In Turkey, the host country of the event, the labour market researches have been implemented in both the supply side and the demand side in accordance with the international standards for many years. While the supply-side researches are implemented in household by Turkish Statistical Institute (TURKSTAT), the demand side researches are implemented by Turkish Employment Agency (İŞKUR) in the way that the information regarding all employers in the market can be obtained through a holistic viewpoint.
The conference will focus on three main topics:
The Role of the Market Research in Struggling with Challenges Regarding the Labour Market
Delivering an active public employment service is possible with a true labour market analysis. In this context, the role of labour market research, which reveals the labour market with its all aspects, in presenting challenges and developing services will be addressed.
Harmonisation of Supply and Demand Research
It is expected to discuss the ways in which countries conduct demand and supply-side research at the national level and how these two aspects are harmonized, if they are carried out by different institutions, and their market responses.
Methodology and Main Axes in Demand-Side Research
In this session, both the methods applied in the field and the main approaches in the report writing phase in demand-side research will be discussed. Moreover, the countries’ methods of measuring job vacancies, bottleneck jobs and the current number of employees will be examined.
İŞKUR and WAPES invite you, the field experts to jointly evaluate the current methods used in labour market research and in the light of these methods, the good practices of coping with the new challenges that affect policy-making processes in the labour market, to share experiences and increase interaction.
Gizem KAYATAS, Iskur, Turquie